Academic Publications


The Struggle For Supremacy: Saudi Arabia and Iran (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Forthcoming.

Saudi Arabia, Iran and the Struggle for the Middle East [working title] (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2020) with Edward Wastnidge.

Houses Built On Sand (Manchester: Manchester University Press). Forthcoming 2020.

Securitization in the non-west(London: Routledge, 2018) edited with Saloni Kapur..

Sectarianism in the Contemporary Middle East. (London: Routledge, 2017) edited with Lucia Ardovini. 

British Foreign Policy Since 1945 (London: Routledge, 2016) with Mark Garnett and Robert Smith.

The Origins of ISIS: The Collapse of Nations and Revolution in the Middle East (London: I.B. Tauris, 2016) with Stephen Royle.

Hezbollah: From Islamic Resistance to Government (Santa Barbara: Praeger, 2015) with James Worrall and Gordon Clubb.

Terrorism and Political Violence (London: Sage, 2015) with Caroline Kennedy and Gordon Clubb.

Saudi Arabia and Iran: Soft power rivalry in the Middle East (London: I.B. Tauris, 2013). Paperback edition published in October 2015.


Peer reviewed journal articles

Desectarianization: A way out of the sectarianization of Middle Eastern politics?’ Faith and International Affairs. Forthcoming.

‘The World is a Garden: Nomos and the (Contested) Ordering of Life’, Review of International Studies, online 2019

‘Egypt’s Unbreakable Curse: Tracing the State of Exception from Mubarak to Al Sisis’. Mediterranean Politics, online 2019.

‘The End of the Battle for Bahrain and the Securitization of the Shi’a’, The Middle East Journal, online 2019

‘Saudi-Iranian Relations after the Rise of Mohammad Bin Salman’, E-International Relations 17.07.18

‘It’s a Family Affair: Religion, Geopolitics and the Rise of Mohammed bin Salman’, Insight Turkey (Spring 2018) 20:2

‘Existential Threats and Regulating Life’, Global Discourse 8:1 (2018)

‘Fundamentalism: examining the role of public reason in ‘non-liberal’ approaches to ‘unreasonable’ doctrines’,  Australian Journal of Political Science 53:2 (2018) pp195-210 with Matthew Johnson.

‘Review: Saudi Arabia and Iran: Friends, Rivals or Foes in Geopolitical Flux’,  Bustan: The Middle East Book Review, 8:1 (2017) pp38-53

‘Muting the Trumpets of Sabotage: Saudi Arabia, the US and the quest to ssecuritize Iran’. British Journal of Middle East Studies 45:5 (2017) 742-759

‘Sovereignty, Bare Life and the Arab Uprisings. Third World Quarterly 38: 8 (2017) pp 1782-1799

‘The Circle of Bare Life: Hizballah, Muqawamah and the Rejection of Being Thus’. Religion, Politics and Ideology. 18:1 (2017) pp1-22.

‘Nationalist Jāhiliyyah and the Flag of the Two Crusaders’. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. 40:11.(2017) pp 966-985. 

‘Contested spaces and sectarian narratives in post uprisings Bahrain’, Global Discourse 6:4 (2016) pp677-696 with Sossie Kasbarrian

‘People, Sects and States: Interrogating sectarianism in the contemporary Middle East’, Global Discourse with Lucia Ardovini. 6:4 (2016) pp551-560

‘Review: Saudi Arabia in Flux: Plus ca change…?‘ Middle East Journal, 70:3 (2016) pp673-676

‘ISIS: Sectarianism, Geopolitics and Strong/Weak Horses’, E-International Relations, 10.04.15. Online:

‘Aiding Revolution? Wikileaks, Communication and the Arab Spring in Egypt’, Third World Quarterly, 34:10 (2013) pp1843-1867

‘Kingdom in Crisis: Saudi Arabia, Instability and the Arab Spring’, Contemporary Security Policy, 33:3 (2012) pp530-553

The Battle for Bahrain: Iranian-Saudi rivalry’, Middle East Policy, 19:2 (2012) pp84-97


Peer reviewed book chapters


‘The Kingdom and the Glory? Saudi Arabia as a Middle Power in the Contemporary Middle East, Adham Saouli (ed) Unfulfilled Aspirations: Middle Power Politics in the Middle East (Oxford University Press/Hurst: Under Review).

‘Securitization and Islam in the Middle East’ in Anderson Jagerskog, Michael Schulz, Ashok Swaid (eds) Routledge Handbook on Middle Eastern Security (London: Routledge, 2019) with Nicholas Coombs.

‘Islam and Foreign Policy across the Middle East’ Shahram Akbarzadeh (ed) Routledge Handbook of the International Relations of the Middle East

‘Conservatism in Turkey’, in Mark Garnett, Conservativism (Forthcoming, 2018) with Mark Garnett and Bekir Varoglu.

‘Think Tanks and Foreign Policy in the United Kingdom’, with Mark Garnett, in Stephen Brooks, (ed) Think Thanks, Foreign Policy and Geo-politics: Pathways to Influence, (London: Routledge, 2016).

‘Hezbollah, Syria and ISIS’ in Karl Yambert (ed) Security Issues in the Greater Middle East (Santa Barbara: Praeger, 2016).

‘Defining Terrorism Studies’, in Caroline Kennedy and Gordon Clubb and Simon Mabon (eds) Terrorism and Political Violence (London: Sage, 2015).